Sixth Degree: Thomas Jefferson
|Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, penned|
The Constitution, was a founding father of two families and our country.
|De'Shante Hemmings, son of|
Thomas Jefferson and
|"Thomas, when I brought the Hemings as a wedding|
gift, I didn't mean that kind of gift. I'll free her over my
dead body. Oh, wait, not even over my dead body."
Below is a video of Annette Gordon-Reed, a law professor at Harvard University and a Jefferson and Hemmings historian. You can buy her book here. I'm in the middle of it and absolutely love it. It's upsetting, shocking, and inspiring.
Fourth Degree: Dr. Robert Sutton
|Dr. Sutton administering the first vaccines|
|Louis XV visiting his youngest daughter.|
In 1774, Dr. Sutton was called to the bedside of King Louis XV to save him from small pox. He was unsuccessful.
|Marie as a child in Versailles|
Louis' seventh legitimate child became a Carmelite nun in 1770. Some suppose that she did this to help compensate for her father's lax sexual morals. Her father kept a seraglio of young women to feed his sexual appetites and cavorted with Madame Pompadour among others.
Louise Marie was raised and educated in Fontevrault Abbey with 3 of her siblings. Plans to marry her off to a nobleman did not come to fruition and her father, Louis XV gave his permission for her to take the veil.
Louis Marie became Mother Superior of her convent, and led an exemplary life. She was stricken with a stomach ailment and passed into the Kingdom of Heaven on December 23, 1787. She was made venerable by
First Degree: Pope Pius IX, the longest reigning pope in history, (almost 32 years.)
Fun Facts about Pius IX
Pius IX was pope longer than any other. His 31 years and 236 days on the throne of Peter saw reforms and changes. Here's a short list of Pius IX's innovations and accomplishments.
- overseeing the First Vatican Council
- he declared The Immaculate Conception, the first of only two times that papal infallibility has been declared
- Italy became a country during his reign
- he was the last pontiff to have his entire papacy during the 19th century
- Pius IX refused to sanction the declaration of war against Catholic Austria and was beseiged by the new Italian government. This was before the sovereign state of The Vatican, and the pope was in grave danger. He was helped to escape by German and French military.
- Loss of the Pope Pius IX's temporal power led to the ignoring of concordats throughout Europe. Catholics were persecuted and their rights were removed from Prussia to France, Germany to Switzerland.
- The concordat with Spain was successful.
- he wrote an encyclical which warned against and condemned the "False Liberalism" of the age, namely, pantheism, naturalism, rationalism, indifferentism, socialism, communism, freemasonry, and the various kinds ofreligious liberalism.
- He ordered dozens of American diocese to be established
- He built the Latin American College in Rome
- He built College of the United States of America at his own expense
for a biography of Pope Pius IX, click here.